“If you take pure CBD, it’s pretty safe,” said Marcel Bonn-Miller, an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine. Side effects in the Epidiolex trial included diarrhea, sleepiness, fatigue, weakness, rash, decreased appetite and elevated liver enzymes. Also, the safe amount to consume in a day, or at all during pregnancy, is still not known.
Dr. Smita Das, chair of the American Psychiatric Association’s Council on Addiction Psychiatry’s cannabis work group, does not recommend CBD for anxiety, PTSD, sleep or depression. With patients turning to these to unproven products, she is worried that they may delay seeking appropriate mental health care: “I’m dually concerned with how exposure to CBD products can lead somebody into continuing to cannabis products.”
Earlier research found fewer than a third of 84 products studied contained the amount of CBD on their labels. Some users of CBD have also failed drug tests when the product contained more THC than indicated.
Does CBD help sleep and depression?
Cannabis containing 0.3 percent or less of THC is hemp. Although last year’s Farm Bill legalized hemp under federal law, it also preserved the Food and Drug Administration’s oversight of products derived from cannabis.
CBD is advertised as providing relief for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. It is also marketed to promote sleep. Part of CBD’s popularity is that it purports to be “nonpsychoactive,” and that consumers can reap health benefits from the plant without the high (or the midnight pizza munchies).
Just as hemp seedlings are sprouting up across the United States, so is the marketing. From oils and nasal sprays to lollipops and suppositories, it seems no place is too sacred for CBD. “It’s the monster that has taken over the room,” Dr. Brad Ingram, an associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, said about all the wild uses for CBD now. He is leading a clinical trial into administering CBD to children and teenagers with drug-resistant epilepsy.
For students with generalized social anxiety, a four-minute talk, with minimal time to prepare, can be debilitating. Yet a small experiment in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology found that CBD seemed to reduce nervousness and cognitive impairment in patients with social anxiety in a simulated public speaking task.
To begin with, be clear about whether you're actually looking for hemp seed oil, or if you want actual CBD. Make sure you thoroughly read product labels to ensure you're getting what you want. In particular, look for references to "CBD," "cannabidiol," or "full-spectrum hemp extract" on the ingredients list; if none are listed, then what you're looking at is probably hemp oil, and you shouldn't expect to receive CBD oil benefits from it. It's advisable to always spend time perusing the ingredient lists, as many hemp seed oils are misleadingly marketed to look like they are CBD products.
If you are searching for CBD products, here are a few things to look for as you shop:
Ultimately, CBD oil and hemp oil are two distinct options that both have their pros and cons. Hemp oil has its own set of benefits, which may be well suited to soothe dry skin or support heart health over a period of time, but CBD oil offers certain advantages that hemp seed oil can't match. If you do decide to pursue CBD oil to help treat a medical condition, please consult your physician, especially if you take any prescription medications.
2. The products are not made in the same way.
NuLeaf Naturals products contain USDA organic certified hemp seed oil, so you still get the added benefit of this nutrient-rich carrier oil in conjunction with CBD. Additionally, these full-spectrum CBD oils are some of the strongest on the market, containing 60 milligrams of CBD per milliliter. There are no additives within these high-quality CBD oils, and all products are thoroughly lab-tested with easily accessible Certificates of Analysis available online.
Another option for a CBD and hemp seed oil combo comes from Spruce, which makes its tinctures with a potent full-spectrum hemp extract. The Lab Grade CBD tincture is one of the strongest on the market, containing a total of 25 milligrams of CBD per serving—750 milligrams in total. Customers also have the freedom to choose either an MCT oil or hemp seed oil base for this particular product, or they can opt for the 2,500 milligram Max Potency CBD oil for something even more potent.
As you shop around for the best CBD oil, you'll find some CBD oils that also contain hemp seed oil for added benefits. The editors at Remedy Review, an independent CBD site, pulled together a list of CBD oils that contain hemp oil. These products come from top brands that have undergone an extensive review process that takes into account customer reviews, price, lab testing, hemp source, and more.
Hemp seed oil is rich in some vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids (EFAs), and as such, it can offer some basic nutritional benefits. Perhaps one of the most common advantages of taking hemp seed oil comes from its omega-3 and omega-6 composition, as it contains the ideal ratio for a healthy diet. These EFAs might also support heart health in a number of ways—for instance, slowing the buildup of plaque in arteries and lowering blood pressure, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. However, it's important to note that hemp seed oil lacks the therapeutic potential of CBD since most of these "hemp oils" contain no amount of CBD.
Otherwise, the only disorder for which there is “conclusive or substantial evidence” that CBD is helpful is multiple sclerosis, according to a report published in January 2017 by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (8) The same report found “moderate” evidence that CBD improves sleep in people with chronic pain and certain other conditions, and only “weak” evidence for supporting or disproving all other claims of CBD’s health effects.
1. Pain So far, most of the evidence for CBD’s ability to reduce pain comes from animal-based research, including a study published in December 2017 in the journal Pain, which found that CBD applied on the skin of rats with osteoarthritis significantly reduced joint pain and inflammation. (10) Continued use of CBD also prevented further pain and nerve damage in those same joints.
CBD is one of more than 80 active compounds called cannabinoids found naturally in the cannabis sativa plant, according to a study published in January 2019 in The Permanente Journal. ( 2 ) Extracting it results in a thick oily paste, which is then typically mixed with a carrier oil, such as hemp oil or coconut oil , to produce a product with a specific concentration of CBD. That product is CBD oil.
Doctors React to News That States With Legal Marijuana Prescribe Fewer Opioids
According to a study published online in March 2018 in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, the physiological functions affected by cannabinoids include: ( 6 )
And yet the buzz is so strong that to say CBD-infused products are selling like hotcakes would be an understatement. In 2018 alone, the Hemp Business Journal estimates, more than $500 million worth of CBD-infused oils, creams, patches, beer, coffee — even tampons and pet food — were sold in the United States, a number forecast to hit nearly $2 billion by 2022. ( 1 )
Google “CBD” and more than 150 million results will pop up, many purporting that this natural chemical derived from cannabis is a magical elixir that can do just about anything from relieving anxiety , pain , insomnia , and menstrual cramps to clearing your skin , staving off aging , and bulking up your bones .
On the other hand, no studies have shown that CBD is harmful, says Debra Jaliman, MD , author of Skin Rules: Trade Secrets From a Top New York Dermatologist . While research into CBD’s usefulness in skin-care products is admittedly limited, some facts point to its potential benefits. “CBD has been shown to be rich in amino acids , [which] provide nutrients to nourish the hair, skin, and nails ,” Dr. Jaliman notes. "CBD’s also a powerful antioxidant . Antioxidants protect the skin by limiting the production of free radicals, which can damage skin cells. And CBD contains fatty acids , which help in keeping the skin healthy.”