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what is cannabis extract

To dab your extract, you will first fill your water pipe until the downstem is cover with water. Next, load your dab onto your dab tool. Remember, you won’t need much. It is best to start small until you know how you will be affected. Then, using your torch, you’ll heat your nail or bucket until it just starts to glow red. Allow it to cool for a few seconds, then carefully dab your extract on the hot surface while inhaling from the dab rig’s mouthpiece.

First, cannabis extracts can be added on top of marijuana flower in a pipe before smoking. When lighting a bowl that has been topped with cannabis extract, be careful, as it may flare up, creating a large flame. Instead, hold your flame just above your pipe’s bowl as you inhale. This will partially vaporize the extract. The rest may melt, coating your flower. Use care as you finish smoking your pipe, as the extract may continue to increase the flammability of your flower.

Some consumers use cannabis extracts to boost the CBD or THC potency of their favorite cannabis flower or other smokable dry herbs. This can be done in a couple ways.

Adding to Cannabis Flower

In order to get started dabbing, you’ll need a few tools, including a torch similar to those used to make creme brulee, a specially equipped water pipe called a dab rig, and a surface that can be heated like a titanium or ceramic nail or a quartz bucket.

Other vape pens are made to use a vape liquid or oil. These pens sometimes come with refillable cartridges or “tanks”. These refillable cartridges can be filled with cannabis extract infused liquids like CBD Vape Liquid from Dixie Botanicals®. You can get started vaping CBD with our CBD Vape Starter Bundles.

It is also possible to purchase prefilled, disposable vape cartridges that fit most 510 threaded batteries. These prefilled cartridges are available in both THC and CBD infused vape oils. THC vapes can be purchased at your local medical or recreational marijuana dispensary if you live in a state where marijuana has been legalized. CBD vape cartridges from Dixie Botanicals® made from hemp are available now for purchase in the Medical Marijuana, Inc. store.

Remember that it is best to use cannabis extracts that have been decarboxylated if you are looking to consume CBD or THC, rather than their non-carboxylated forms CBDa and THCa. This is especially important when using extracts with THC since THCa is non-psychoactive.

Under the extracts definition outlined above, there are many different cannabis extract types and forms. Typically, cannabis extracts are named for their textures, which can range from liquid cannabis oil extracts to a dry, crumbly THC extract such as crumble. Some extracts are named after their specific extraction process. Here are some of the most common cannabis extracts on the market today:

Details of the extraction process differ slightly based on the specific solvent being used. In general, the process involves combining cannabis plant materials with another chemical or substance in such a way that all the cannabinoids are stripped away from the plant matter. The plant matter is then separated from the cannabinoid-infused solvent, and the solvent is evaporated away or removed through some other mechanism What’s left behind is a mass of highly-concentrated cannabinoids.

Other cannabis extracts are named for the extraction process used to create them. These include products like:

Types of Cannabis Extracts

A cannabis extract is a specific type of cannabis concentrate. While concentrates can be made through both various mechanical processes and the use of a solvent, extracts are unique because they are made exclusively through the use of a solvent.

A cannabis extract is a concentrate produced with the use of a solvent. “Extract” and “Concentrate” are sometimes used interchangeably, though this is technically incorrect. Not all concentrates are extracts, but all extracts are concentrates. The most common solvents used to make a cannabis extract include butane, propane, ethanol, and supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2).

Most cannabis extracts must be consumed by dabbing. This requires a dab rig and a heating source, such as a torch. In short, consumers heat the nail of a dab rig to a very high temperature, place a chunk of cannabis extract onto the hot nail where it will vaporize. From there, yl users pull the vapor through a water pipe and inhale the super-potent, cannabinoid-rich vapor. Edible or drinkable extracts like tinctures are much simpler—users simply eat them, drink them, or take them sublingually beneath the tongue.

Extractions gives cannabis users options when it comes to consumption. “Entrepreneurs have turned the full power of modern chemistry on cannabis,” according to Leafly. “Their goal has been to find ways to extract the cannabinoids giving the plant its character and effects, providing a way to enjoy the sensations associated with cannabis without having to smoke the actual flower.”

Why is it Important?

Extraction refers to the conversion of target molecules in cannabis raw material into a usable form. The process removes the oil found in the trichomes from the cannabis plant and targets and collects the most potent compounds from the plants, including THC, CBD, and terpenes, among others.

“Every step of the extraction process demands a balance of art and science, beginning with the selection of starting material and ending with the purging and storage process.”

The three most popular methods of extraction are CO2, hydrocarbon, and ethanol. CO2 extraction occurs when carbon dioxide is pressurized in metal tanks until it converts into a supercritical fluid. As MJBiz Daily describes it, “The fluid pulls out the desirable compounds from the flower. The fluid is then separated, leaving only concentrates.” During hydrocarbon extraction, butane or propane dissolves raw cannabis matter and collects cannabinoids and terpenes. “The solvent with the essential oils is then heated up to evaporate off the butane or propane, leaving behind the extract.” Ethanol extraction is performed by soaking raw cannabis in ethanol to capture trichomes into the solvent. “The cannabis is then removed; the liquid is filtered and the alcohol purged from the extracted material.”

What Products are Created from Extraction?

For one, cannabis extraction creates versatility for products and methods of administration, providing many viable options for consumers. Cannabis extractions are also known as concentrates, and they are stronger than flower, presenting with higher cannabinoid and THC content. According to Maximum Yield, “Extraction is a common practice performed for a number of different reasons, ranging from increasing marijuana’s medical benefits to producing a more potent recreational product.”

What is Cannabis Extraction?