Just to make things more confusing, there are oils made from Whole Plant Hemp, and oils made from Isolated Hemp! Whole plant hemp is associated with high-grade CBD oil and is extracted from the seeds, stems, and stalks. Not only does the oil contain CBD, but it also has a full range of other natural cannabis compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, and “secondary” cannabinoids like CBG , CBC, and CBG-A.
The trouble is, some manufacturers are less than open about the full ingredients of their CBD hemp oil. As a rule of thumb, it is best not to risk purchasing any oil which doesn’t provide you with the full list of ingredients; especially the THC and CBD content. CBD can counteract the negative effects of THC in any case, especially if the ratio is 4:1 or greater. However, the bigger issue is drug testing.
Generally speaking, there are three types of CBD oil:
5 – The Whole Plant Extract & Nothing but
Since cannabis is not an FDA-approved food or drug, independent third-party testing is NOT a mandatory requirement in the CBD oil industry. As such, would-be hustlers have no incentive to pay for it (which would ultimately reveal their scam). On the other hand, reputable companies routinely pay thousands of dollars to use independent third-party labs. These verify the contents of their products in terms of both purity and potency.
Even at 0.3% THC, there is a possibility of failing a company drug test if you consume a large amount of CBD oil. As such, you should be looking for products with a THC content as close to zero as possible. There are a handful of brands that sell CBD oils with practically no THC whatsoever. If nothing else, though, shoot for a brand that claims a THC content of less than 0.05%.
For some of the larger CBD companies out there, the overall cost of third-party testing easily runs into the six-figure area. Clearly, only a company with high-grade CBD hemp oil will pay such a large sum to prove the validity of their marketing pitch. Most organizations that pay for the tests proudly post their Certificate of Verification on their website, so be on the lookout for this when you’re shopping around (or if you don’t see one, feel free to call the company directly to ask them where you can view their lab reports).
Alos, it is crucial to remember that cannabis is a ‘hyperaccumulator.’ This means it absorbs contaminants from the soil (and the air) that it grows in with ease. If you choose CBD sourced from hemp that was grown under “non-food” conditions, you could be consuming toxic substances.
While products that combine different cannabinoids may provide a greater entourage effect, CBD isolate is extremely potent in CBD and contains zero THC, making it great for those looking to avoid THC while still gaining the health benefits of CBD.
This makes filtered and distilled CBD oils extremely versatile and easy to consume sublingually or in your favorite beverage.
Why Do Growing Conditions Matter?
Hemp is a known soil remediator. This means that hemp will suck up toxins in the soil that it’s grown in and will clean these toxins out. Hemp is great at doing this job, so it’s worth noting where the hemp is sourced from in any hemp-based CBD product that you purchase. Clean soil and growing conditions make for a better end product.
CO2 extraction methods are even further classified into two — supercritical and subcritical extraction. Subcritical CO2 extractions use low temperature and low pressure and take more time. They produce smaller returns but can retain terpenes and oils, creating a full-spectrum CBD product in the end. Supercritical CO2 extractions use high temperature and high pressure. This process may damage terpenes and other chemicals, but it will extract larger molecules like omegas, creating a different, but still potentially potent product. Full-spectrum products take the “entourage effect” into consideration. The entourage effect states that the plant chemicals work better together than they do alone. To put it simply, a CBD oil that has terpenes and other cannabinoids mixed in will have a greater impact on the body than a CBD oil with only CBD in it.
The resulting product is a mild-flavored, light gold liquid with a higher concentration of CBD and lower concentration of terpenes and other cannabinoids.
Raw CBD oil is exactly what it sounds like: “raw.” Once extracted from the hemp plant, this type of oil undergoes no further processing or filtration, resulting in a green, viscous oil packed with plant compounds and cannabinoids like CBDA and THCA.
Because CBD oil is often made from industrial hemp, in which case CBD must come from the seeds and stalks of the plant, CO2 extraction methods are most often used. CO2 extraction methods use a combination of temperature and pressure to extract the CBD from the plant material. In the CBD industry, CO2 extraction methods are often considered the gold standard because they don’t involve the use of chemical solvents and do a better job of preserving CBD and other beneficial chemical compounds.
There's often confusion surrounding hemp oil and CBD oil, so let's clear one thing up first: Hemp oil is a term used by different people in different ways. Sometimes, it's used as a synonym for CBD oil, but in other cases, it's used to mean hemp seed oil, which is a different product altogether. Here are the three main distinctions between CBD oil and hemp seed oil.
As CBD has grown in interest, there has been renewed interest in hemp oil as well. In fact, there are some common questions about CBD oil vs. hemp oil because both products are extracted from the hemp plant, yet have very different effects on the body.
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In recent years, CBD oil has become an increasingly popular natural remedy. Its proponents vouch for its abilities to alleviate a wide range of symptoms, and people can't seem to get enough of this non-intoxicating cannabis extract.
Josh Hurst is a journalist, critic, copywriter, and essayist. He lives in Knoxville, TN, with his wife and three sons. As a writer for Remedy Review, an independent CBD review site, Josh covers the relationship between cannabis-based products and the human body.
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound derived from the cannabis sativa plant. CBD is actually most well-known for its many potential health benefits that go well beyond the scope of regular hemp seed oil, as CBD has shown promise for relieving stress, providing a good night's sleep, and alleviating the symptoms of joint pain and arthritis.