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cbd oil cure hpv

Marijuana use may be a driving factor in the rise of head and neck cancer cases, according to a new study.

“We now have convincing scientific evidence that daily marijuana use can drive tumor growth in HPV-related head and neck cancer,” Joseph A Califano III, the paper’s senior author, said in a statement.

After injecting cannabinoids into animal cells, human cells, and mice, the researchers found that THC does activate p38 MAPK, which then inhibits cell death and allows any tumors to progress.

“Past studies showing anticancer effects of THC and other cannabinoids often used levels of THC higher than those found with recreational use, but doses used recreationally clearly activate a cancer-causing pathway,” he added.

“Marijuana and other cannabis products are often considered benign,” Califano continued, “but it is important to note that all drugs that have benefits can also have drawbacks. This is a cautionary tale.”

Worldwide consumption of cannabis has been documented by the United Nations World Drug Report 19 . Based on the report’s estimates, 165,600,000 people used cannabis in 2006. North America and Europe accounted for about 70 million of those users, both regions being above the global average. A report by Leatherdale et al. 20 states that nearly half of Canadian adults 18 years of age or older have tried cannabis in spite of its illegality. However, some countries have recognized the medicinal properties of this plant product and approved it for medical use, which may also contribute to the observed increase in use. For example, part of the increased cannabis use in Canada is based on the fact that, although cannabis is classified as an illegal drug, individuals who are living with a qualifying debilitating illness can legally obtain it through Health Canada’s Medical Marihuana Access Division. The possibility that hpv can be passed among cannabis users is therefore significant.

Given these considerations, there has been much debate on whether cannabis has been a causative agent of oral cancers. As with hpv -linked cancers, studies have tried to find a relationship between cannabis smoking and a variety of types of cancers. For example, Almadori et al. 11 postulated a link between cannabis smoking and tongue carcinomas. Hashibe et al. 12 conducted a study on 2252 subjects, including people with and without cancer, and found no relationship between cannabis use and lung and aerodigestive tract cancers. Some authors have hypothesized that cannabis use might be a cause of transitional cell carcinoma, a type of bladder cancer typically associated with tobacco smokers 13 , 14 . Hall et al. 15 reviewed the relationships between cancer and cannabis, including its possible role as a cause of cancer and its use to relieve pain in cancer patients. Others have reviewed cannabis use and the probability of developing cancer 16 . In a more recent study, Aldington et al. 17 investigated the relationship between cannabis and head-and-neck cancer and found little or no correlation.

With such uncertainty, one would hope that a rapid assay for oral hpv would soon be available. Such a test might prove useful in a clinical setting, for research purposes, or for personal knowledge. Currently, in individuals positive for oral hpv , hpv antibodies can be detected in the mucosal areas. Marais et al. 26 described a study in which they used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect hpv antibodies from oral swabs. This same method might be desirable in a controlled study of cannabis users in future research. A study of this nature could provide a relatively rapid analysis of cannabis users and rates of hpv (for example, testing positive or negative as oral hpv carriers). Additionally, because cannabis use is often higher among men, higher rates of oral cancer might be observed in men than in women. Studying the frequency of cannabis use might also result in important findings such as an increased likelihood of users testing positive for oral hpv . Comparing individuals that share cannabis in group settings with those who consume cannabis alone might provide insight into more definitive patterns of oral hpv and thus help to predict the likelihood of head-and-neck cancers developing in later life.

2.1 Oral HPV and Cannabis

Within the last decade, an increase in oral hpv –linked cancers of the throat and tongue has been attributed to exposure and contraction of hpv through oral sex, most notably in younger people. An understudied and arguably equal contributor to oral hpv infection might be indirect contact with an infected person. Presented here is a brief but important perspective on the relationship between cannabis use and oral cancer. The development of oral cancer is not a result of smoking cannabis per se; rather, it is hypothesized to be a result of contracting hpv through various forms of sharing and passing joints and other smoking apparatuses. Therefore, it is hypothesized that bogarting (and not passing) joints might decrease oral hpv among cannabis smokers. Future research should therefore investigate the prevalence of oral hpv in cannabis smokers to better understand its epidemiology.

Patients treated for head-and-neck cancers can have a drastically degraded quality of life. For example, in many cases, treatment and surgeries can lead to increased depression, increased anxiety, and decreased marital quality, and can cause difficulty with daily tasks such as eating and speaking 3 . Chandu et al. 4 assert that understanding the impact of oral cancer on patients can be better determined with the use of surveys that assess their health-related quality of life, and can also lead to better patient care. Previously, such surveys were used primarily in research settings.

Gillison and Lowy 24 discussed some ways in which people might contract hpv and postulated reasons that vaccines might be useful in controlling hpv -related cancers in later life. They cited use of alcohol and tobacco (because of the carcinogenic nature of those substances) as additional contributors to the likelihood that these types of cancers may develop. The mention of tobacco is interesting, because it, too, may serve as an indirect route of transmission. For example, Knishkowy and Amitai 25 discuss tobacco smoking through water pipes, a practice that is very common in most Middle Eastern countries. They warn of the rise of “hooka bars” and their negative impact on the health of young adults, because this group seems to be the main one using tobacco water pipes. Although they mention that sharing of these pipes can lead to a variety of diseases, hpv is not mentioned. Still, sharing tobacco-smoking devices could also serve as an additional route of oral hpv contraction. To compound matters further, it not exactly known how easily oral hpv can be transmitted between individuals (for example, through sharing water bottles in sports or through casual kissing).

The human papilloma virus can be found on the surface of the lips, the lining of the mouth, on the tongue, and so on. Therefore, as an infected person places a cannabis cigarette or smoking device on their lips, they simultaneously deposit viral particles on the device. The hpv remains there until another user places the same area of the smoking device onto their lips. This scenario could easily have continued for many years as a possible method of oral hpv transmission.