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cbd hemp oil production

Of course there are many other factors to consider when selecting the correct varieties to grow; such as biomass-to-seed index and CBD oil levels depending on the purpose of the crop. It can be challenging to balance this all with the management of the regulatory processes relating to low % THC industrial hemp while optimising higher CBD oil contents. Post-harvest management of the wet biomass and correct equipment selection for hemp drying is key to avoiding significant losses of the crop for CBD oil extraction.

The other main types of industrial hemp crop are tall single stem hemp plants close-planted for seed / dual purpose uses. This type can have CBD oil extraction from the leaves, buds and flowers, but also can have hemp seed oil extracted from the seeds. It is not a simple process to optimise both the CBD oil yield and hemp seed yield.

In addition to varietal development, there is a lot of work being done to develop optimal planting techniques and spacing. It can still be considered early days. New-era hemp is what experts believe could be the next super-crop with its incredible fast-growing biomass and medicinal properties making it a highly profitable crop.

Industrial Hemp Planting for CBD Oil Strategies

As day length reduces and the window for harvesting in optimal conditions closes, late autumn weather leads to increased risk of frost, mould and rot which can seriously reduce the quality and price of the dried product for CBD extraction.

– Likely lower moisture content harvest conditions;
– Longer harvesting window due to increased day length;
– Longer hemp harvesting and drying days due to higher night-time ambient temperatures;
– Improved dryer output due to the longer day length, higher ambient temperatures and lower relative humidity.

High value industrial hemp crops for CBD oil extraction from the leaf / flower / bud grown mainly as tree like hemp plants. Harvesting this form of industrial hemp in a whole crop method with forage choppers produces a type of wet woody biomass with leaf and flower in the mix.

There is a lot of work being done to develop earlier varieties with all the benefits that early harvests bring. There is a compounding effect of earlier harvesting and drying:

Vaporizer pens are a trendy and discrete manner to vaporize cannabis medicine. However, commonly used thinning agent in many products on the market are harmful when heated and inhaled.

To extract CBD -rich cannabis oil, one must start with CBD -rich plant material. There are many ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, each has its pros and cons. Some methods are safer and more effective than others. Cannabis oil made with neurotoxic solvents like butane and hexane may leave unsafe residues that compromise immune function and impede healing.

Medical patients swear by it. Researchers are intrigued by it. Government regulators are flustered by it. And investors are head over heels for it. But what exactly is CBD oil?

Look for products with clear labels showing the quantity and ratio of CBD and THC per dose, a manufacturing date, and a batch number (for quality control). Select products with quality ingredients that are lab tested and safely extracted.

Farmers need to know state regulations for testing hemp for CBD and THC. The Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA) regulations for industrial hemp production have been approved by USDA. Plant sampling by NDA staff to test for THC needs to be within 15 days before the date of harvest with the grower present during sampling. If the THC level is >0.3% by dry weight, the crop will not meet the legal definition of industrial hemp and need to be destroyed. Again, THC is expected to increase with stressful growing conditions.

The highest concentration of CBD is in the bracts of female flowers but CBD oil may be extracted from the whole plant. Harvest may be by topping plants for the harvest of mostly leaves and flowers, by picking the leaves and flowers from the plant, or by taking most of the plant cut at 8-12” above the ground. The whole plant harvest may be by shredding such as with a silage chopper or by keeping the plant intact.

CBD Demand

Drying the plant material is a major operation as the water content is high when harvested. To reduce the quantity to be dried and handled for CBD production, the woody stems may be removed for land application, composting or dried separately for fiber production. Artificial drying at up to 100 o F should be continuous flow but the temperature of the plant material should not exceed 75 o F. Suspending plants or branches upside down by wires indoors out of the sun and with good air movement for air drying at up to 75 o F is a common practice if the harvest is not too large.

CBD-containing products marketed in the US range from cosmetics to chocolate bars to bottled water to pet treats, all with no regulation. The Food and Drug Administration warned marketers of CBD products against the use of non-validated health claims to sell their products. In June 2019 the FDA approved the first CBD-based drug, called Epidiolex, to treat seizures caused by extreme types of epilepsy. The efficacy of CBD for treatment of chronic pain, neuro-inflammation, anxiety, addiction, and anti-psychotic effects has not been well-validated by clinical research.

The CBD levels can be much reduced by cross-pollination with wild or non-CBD hemp. The CBD plants must be well-separated by distance or time of pollination from hemp weeds or another hemp crop. Also, a few rows of corn or forage sorghum can planted around the plots to reduce pollen flow.