Many of these interactions are mild and require no adjustment to treatment. Others may require a drug substitution or the separation of doses by several hours.
Instead, CBD is thought to influence other receptors, including opioid receptors that regulate pain and glycine receptors involved in the regulation of the “feel-good” hormone and neurotransmitter serotonin.
Remember, because CBD oils are largely unregulated, there is no guarantee that a product is either safe or effective.
Dosage and Preparation
However, the effect of CBD on each addiction type was often very different. With opioid addiction, for example, CBD showed little effect in minimizing withdrawal symptoms in the absence of THC. By contrast, CBD on its own appeared effective in minimizing drug-seeking behaviors in users of cocaine, methamphetamine, and other psychostimulant drugs.
Here is just some of what the current evidence says.
Among the few human trials evaluating CBD’s anxiolytic effects was one published in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry in 2019. For this study, 57 men were given either CBD oil or a placebo before a public-speaking event. Anxiety was evaluated using physiological measures (such as blood pressure, heart rate, etc.) and a relatively reliable test for mood states known as the Visual Analog Mood Scale (VAMS).
CBD oil may benefit those with drug addiction, suggests a 2015 review of studies published in Substance Abuse.
Romano B, Borrelli F, Fasolino I, et al. The cannabinoid TRPA1 agonist cannabichromene inhibits nitric oxide production in macrophages and ameliorates murine colitis. Br J Pharmacol. 2013;169(1):213-29. View abstract.
Cannabichromene has not been studied in humans. But it has been investigated for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, neuroprotective, and antidepressant effects.
Wirth PW, Watson ES, ElSohly M, Turner CE, Murphy JC. Anti-inflammatory properties of cannabichromene. Life Sci. 1980;26(23):1991-5. View abstract.
Special Precautions and Warnings
De Petrocellis L, Orlando P, Moriello AS, et al. Cannabinoid actions at TRPV channels: effects on TRPV3 and TRPV4 and their potential relevance to gastrointestinal inflammation. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2012;204(2):255-66. View abstract.
We currently have no information for CANNABICHROMENE (CBC) overview .
De Petrocellis L, Ligresti A, Moriello AS, et al. Effects of cannabinoids and cannabinoid-enriched Cannabis extracts on TRP channels and endocannabinoid metabolic enzymes. Br J Pharmacol. 2011;163(7):1479-94. View abstract.
El-Alfy AT, Ivey K, Robinson K, et al. Antidepressant-like effect of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa L. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2010;95(4):434-42. View abstract.
Barnes, M. P. Sativex: clinical efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of symptoms of multiple sclerosis and neuropathic pain. Expert.Opin.Pharmacother. 2006;7(5):607-615. View abstract.
Resstel LB, Tavares RF, Lisboa SF, et al. 5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioral and cardiovascular responses to acute stress in rats. Br J Pharmacol 2009;156(1):181-8. View abstract.
Likely Effective for
Ames, F. R. and Cridland, S. Anticonvulsant effect of cannabidiol. S.Afr.Med.J. 1-4-1986;69(1):14. View abstract.
Schoedel KA, Szeto I, Setnik B, et al. Abuse potential assessment of cannabidiol (CBD) in recreational polydrug users: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Epilepsy Behav. 2018 Nov;88:162-171. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.07.027. Epub 2018 Oct 2. View abstract.
de Faria SM, de Morais Fabrício D, Tumas V, et al. Effects of acute cannabidiol administration on anxiety and tremors induced by a Simulated Public Speaking Test in patients with Parkinson’s disease. J Psychopharmacol. 2020 Jan 7:269881119895536. View abstract.