According to a 2019 survey from Gallup, 1 in 7 Americans, or 14%, use some form of CBD, mostly for medicinal purposes. As CBD’s presence continues to grow, consumers and patients are becoming more curious about the ins and outs of this therapeutic cannabis derivative.
Those who have had limited experience shopping for CBD oil may wonder where to start, or how to find a quality product. Firstly, understand that marijuana and industrial hemp are both common CBD oil sources. There are also several types and formulas on the market, which typically fall into one of three categories:
1. CBD is legal, but only if it's derived from hemp
A 2015 study from The Hebrew University of Israel documented the medicinal potency of single-molecule CBD extract versus that of a whole-plant, CBD-rich extract. Single molecule extract is an isolated extract of a single compound, such as CBD. A whole-plant extract essentially preserves the full cannabinoid and terpene profile of the original plant.
One major explanation for CBD’s wide range of potential benefits is the complex way it interacts with our bodies, particularly through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), an internal system made up of endogenous cannabinoids, or endocannabinoids, the receptors that these cannabinoids bind to, and the enzymes that break them down. CBD and other phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, bind to cannabinoid receptors when they enter the body, and elicit a wide range of effects, depending on which receptors they activate.
Although the most effective CBD dosing can be difficult to pin down, mounting research is starting to give us a better idea of how to best use this non-intoxicating cannabinoid. For example, a study published in the February 2019 issue of “Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry” found that CBD may be useful for treating social anxiety associated with public speaking. The research team gave subjects doses of CBD ranging from 150 to 600 milligrams, as well as a placebo, prior to a public speaking challenge. The study seemed to indicate that 300 milligrams helped alleviate anxiety-related symptoms.
According to the National Cancer Institute, CBD can be used to stimulate appetite while at the same time limiting nausea and vomiting, making it a helpful digestive aid for those fighting illnesses that decrease hunger.
Since 2013, an increased demand for CBD-dominant cannabis has spurred several states into promoting opportunities for legalized industrial hemp production. There are currently 31 states in which it is legal to grow industrial hemp, including Kentucky, South Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia, all states where the tobacco farming industry has declined.
The health benefits and other effects of CBD are able to occur because CBD interacts with the CB1 receptor (found on neurons and glial cells in the brain) and the CB2 receptor (found in the immune system). Unlike THC, CBD does not actually bind to these receptors, which leads us to our next fact:
CBD can be used as a digestive aid.
CBD, along with THC, is one of the two main ingredients in both hemp and cannabis plants. CBD is found throughout the seeds, stalk, and flowers of the plant, and is therefore easily extracted.
As you read this, several states are working hard to make CBD oil available to children and adults suffering from epilepsy, a neurological disorder that causes convulsions and/or loss of consciousness. This is due to CBD’s anticonvulsant properties, which are being tested for use against neurodegenerative disorders, inflammation, and even cancer.
CBD, like THC, is a cannabinoid, and its amount varies from plant to plant. Cannabis plants meant for recreational use tend to have more THC than CBD. Alternatively, industrial hemp plants and cannabis plants intended for medical use are both very low in THC, but high in CBD.
If you’re just beginning to learn about CBD oil, you’ve come to the right place. We’ve rounded up 30 fun facts about CBD oil in order to summarize just what it is, what we know about it, what it does, and what we think it might do.
Some studies done on rats demonstrated that CBD has long-lasting therapeutic effects. They also show that it also has the potential to improve the vulnerability that causes a relapse. These studies show that CBD also has the potential to treat addiction across many often-abused drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.
Most CBD on the market tends to fall under one of three categories; full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate. Full-spectrum CBD retains many of the cannabinoids and terpenes that exist in the marijuana plant, and might still contain traces of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD also includes a full range of terpenes and cannabinoids, but all THC content is removed. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD. It’s the raw CBD oil that remains after all other compounds are removed from the cannabis, and only crystalline CBD remains.
CBD topicals are also a great way to target chronic pain and inflammation in a single place without taking any oral medications or pain relievers.
15. CBD is being used to certain forms of epilepsy
A three-month research investigation with four patients showed that two patients had no seizures the entire time, and one patient partially improved. The fourth patient, who was on placebo, showed no improvement.
Pet owners are adding CBD to their pets diets to help promote their joint health, ease anxiety, and promote brain health. There are plenty of CBD brands offering pet-specific CBD treats and oils. Most standard CBD oils that are intended for humans can also work for pets, but be sure to check with your veterinarian about dosing information.
THC will cause a high, CBD, on the other hand, will not. What is the difference? Credit the difference in effects to the variance in the placement of their atoms. The structure of THC makes it bind more strongly with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. On the other hand, the structure of CBD leads to weaker bonds.
PTSD is one of the main reasons why people seek cannabis for medicinal purposes. Studies done in both rodents and humans determine that CBD can alter aspects of adverse traumatic memories. Unlike the currently approved medications for PTSD, CBD has the potential to target memory processes. What makes interventions such as CBD more compelling is their ability to act on both the emotional and cognitive aspects of the disorder.