No. However, they are the same species. Besides the difference in appearance, the key difference is the THC content. The latter is responsible for the high or intoxicating effect in marijuana. With that comes another difference, although not in composition. Because marijuana plants have more than 0.3% THC content, they are federally illegal in the US. By definition, hemp plants have less than 0.3% THC, and are thus federally legal. So CBD products containing only 0.3% THC (full spectrum) are also fully legal. If you are trying to avoid any THC, a CBD isolate is the way to go since it lacks all the other components of the plant. Full spectrum CBD products will contain every compound the plant has to offer.
Knowing that acne is due to bacteria, sebum overproduction, and inflammation, you may be glad to know that CBD can impact all of these. According to recent studies, it can decrease sebum production , thus improving your skin condition. However promising these results are, the scientific community still needs to conduct more research.
Since CBD exploded onto the market, many people have found many kinds of relief by using it. Isn’t it ironic how much controversy surrounds the plant it comes from, yet it offers relief to numerous conditions? It is indeed mind-blowing when you think about it. If you have been against cannabis because you think it is dangerous, it would be wise to do some research first. That way, when you speak, you can have all the facts you need to form an educated opinion. Read on to discover detailed information about the benefits and the negative side effects of CBD.
Where Does CBD Come From?
These are compounds in the cannabis plant that have many potential therapeutic uses. They include CBD (cannabidiol), and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) among many others. The symptoms that they alleviate entail anxiety, insomnia, and nausea, to mention but a few. Your body has an endocannabinoid system with which the cannabinoid receptors interact. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is responsible for maintaining functional balance in the body and has three main components. Note that cannabinoids have many effects that depend on the cannabinoid receptors’ activation.
Cannabidiol is one of the prevalent and active ingredients of cannabis that exists in high concentrations in the hemp plant . However, it does not cause you to get high even though it comes from cannabis. There are so many potential health benefits CBD offers. Though research on the compound is still relatively new, the findings are very promising so far.
The endocannabinoid system modulates the functioning of the brain, endocrine, and immune systems. It not only responds to endogenous cannabinoids that the body produces, but also to phytocannabinoids from plants. Receptors within the ECS, namely, the CB1 and CB2, are present throughout the whole body. CB1 receptors are mainly in the hypothalamus part of the brain and Amygdala, among others, whereas the CB2 receptors are mostly in the immune cells and spleen. In a nutshell, the endocannabinoid system maintains a balance in the body, a process known as homeostasis. The positive and negative side effects of CBD are due to its interaction with the ECS.
Most people using it do so because they are seeking relief from something that is troubling them. Chronic pain is one of the most common ailments that cannabidiol can ease. Others that are not as common include fibromyalgia and neuropathy. Most users report that CBD generally enhances their lives by making conditions more bearable and manageable. However, keep in mind that you don’t have to be necessarily ill to consume CBD. You can simply take it to help your body maintain its homeostasis.
You’re immune compromised. (Most evidence disproves this concern) CBD is known as an immunomodulator because it can calm down a hyperactive immune system , but some worry this could harm people whose immune systems are already impaired, like HIV sufferers. Although we don’t have evidence specifically testing CBD against this fear, many studies have been done using the whole cannabis plant. Research shows that cannabis helps relieve pain and other HIV-related symptoms without causing severe side effects . And when marijuana is tested against specific HIV symptoms like liver fibrosis, cannabinoids do not appear to worsen it . Although current evidence suggests that CBD could be more helpful than harmful for immune-compromised individuals, the jury is still out.
You’re surrounded by germs. (Not enough evidence) Some people hypothesize that CBD’s excellent immune-system soothing capabilities could accidentally let a few stray germs slip past your immune system’s defense. Scientists have tested this by exposing mice to the bacterium that causes Legionnaires’ disease and measuring their ability to fight the infection. Although moderate doses of CBD didn’t impair their immune systems, they were worse off on high doses equivalent to 1,000 mg for a 150lb person . If you’re currently taking higher doses of CBD and also sharing space with a bunch of coughing people, it might be a good idea to temporarily decrease your CBD dose.
If you’re experimenting with high doses of CBD, we recommend reading more about what scientists learned from the Epidiolex trials. You can find the results of their 120-person clinical trial here and their FDA documentation here .
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Here’s what the evidence shows about taking CBD if:
Now that Epidiolex has opened the door for CBD’s acceptance by the medical community, you can expect to see more prescription uses for CBD in the future. However, because of the way our medical system is structured, the stamp of approval can only be gained after a long period of costly clinical testing. This testing is paid for by companies that can patent and profit from the results.
Even a critical review by the World Health Organization (WHO) recently reported that CBD is a promising treatment for a number of medical conditions, is well tolerated, has a good safety profile, and doesn’t appear to be a risk for abuse, dependence, or other public-health related problems. In other words, even the WHO thinks CBD is A-OK.
Sometimes CBD products don’t contain any CBD at all — in which case you won’t experience any effects, positive or negative.